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What are long term threats of plastic in our seas?

January 31, 2013

Full Article at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21236477

By Susan Watts

Last summer, when filming for a series to be broadcast next year, a team from the BBC’s Natural History Unit saw first-hand how discarded plastic can end up thousands of miles away from where people live when they visited French Frigate Shoals, an island north west of Hawaii.

There they found turtles nesting amongst plastic bottles, cigarette lighters and toys. And they discovered dead and dying albatross chicks, unwittingly killed when their parents fed them plastic carried in as they foraged for food in the sea.

Some of the chicks die when sharp edges puncture their bodies, others from starvation as their stomachs fill with plastic they cannot digest.

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“There’s been a lot of research in the United States looking at how the plastic gets into the food chain, and certainly it’s been shown that it gets into bi-valves, mussels and oysters on the seabed, and it does have an effect on them,” Dr Boxall said.

“They bio-accumulate the plastic as they filter the water. That concentrates the plastic and effectively turns some of those molluscs into hermaphrodites. Some years ago it was assumed that it was like roughage, and didn’t have a major impact, but we know now that those very small plastic particles can mimic certain things like oestrogen,” he added.

Full Article at http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-21236477

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